Migrations are one of main indicators of fundamental social change within modern societies. They can take place within a country, but also from one country to another, and the modernization – industrialization is identified as the main driving force of migration.
History reminds us (teaches us) that the major wars and conflicts (whether they are religious, ethnical, political, social or motivated by other reasons) cause large movements of the population. Let us recall the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre, the Thirty Years’ War in Europe, the Balkan Wars, World War I, World War II, and the not-so-distant war in former Yugoslavia, whose consequences can still be felt in the region. As a consequence of this war, more than million people emigrated from former Yugoslavia, mainly in the EU, but also in North America. This situation can often be seen in other countries that are transitioning from socialism to capitalism.
Today we are facing the phenomenon of migration again, but this time Europe is a target for refugees from Syria, and also Afghanistan, Iraq, Eritrea, Libya and other countries affected by armed conflicts. We are witnessing streams of refugees passing through Macedonia on foot, by bicycles, busses, trains, taxis, with only one purpose – to reach the richer European countries, particularly Germany – their new Mecca. This summer there have been more than 120.000 refugees registered who have passed through Macedonia.
The large number of refugees seeking asylum in the European countries inevitably cause great concerns about the consequences of their possible sheltering: economy overload, reduction of labour cost (especially low-skilled labour), social benefits reduction and its stricter control, the capacity of domicile cultures for integrating the refugees – asylum seekers, but also the fear of infiltration of terrorists. The reluctance of the European countries to contend with the influx of refugees was proved in the lack of coherent common policy and strategy for action, which has resulted in raising fences, political, but also physical.
However, this raises a question whether the international community (UN, NATO, EU, USA) could have made a greater effort regarding the civil war in Syria and the military action and rampage of the so-called Army of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant? Is this a failure of the international community and a defeat of the EU, NATO and USA’s policies of forcible democratization of the Arabic and part of the North African societies? Haven’t we learned enough from the history or all that we learned is simply less important than the partial political and economical interests.
The advantage that the human civilization has in the 20th and 21st century, compared to the previous historical periods, in encouraging social action and reaction is the power of the audio-visual media. The image, the sound and the text, whether they come in the form of information, social networking, documentation or artistic expression, have the opportunity to present the life stories of the refugees, the situation in their societies from which they run from, the conditions in the refugee camps, the everyday problems they are facing in order to survive, and therefore they cause public reaction and mobilize them in helping the refugees and also put pressure on the political institutions for institutional action. But the most important of all is the ability to demystify the threat of these people who try to survive.
Konstantin Minoski was born in 1964 in Skopje. He holds a PHD in sociological sciences and works as a proffesor at the Institute of Sociology at the Faculty of Philosophy – Skopje, at the University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius” in Skopje. His research is in the field of Sociology of Ethnic groups, Sociological theories and Sociology of Sports. Currently he is president of the Macedonian Sociological Association, vice-president of the Macedonian Centre for Culture and Art – Skopje and of the European movement in the Republic of Macedonia.
Oğuz Adanir is born in 1951 in Izmir, Turkey. He finished his PhD studies at the Université de Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne with his doctoral thesis “Effects of Television on Underdeveloped Country, Example: Turkey”. From 1994 he works as a Professor at the University of Dokuz Eylul, Fine Arts Faculty, Dept. Of Cinеma and TV program. He teaches many courses such as Film Semiology, Screenwritting, Simulation Theory and Cinema. He has witten multiple essays about films and television, and a lot of publications (author and translator) about cinema, simulation theory, culture and arts. During his career, he has collaborated as consultant for many documentaries films as well.
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Petya Kabakchieva was the Head of Sociology Department at Sofia University “St. Kl. Ohridski” (2007-2015) as well as the Head of MP “Political Sociology” at the same Department. During her impressive career, she was appointed as well as the Deputy Head of the Bulgarian Sociological Association. Her main field of interest is political sociology, with focus on civic activism, civil society, new ideological identifications; historic sociology of socialism; migration studies. She has participated in a lot of research, both Bulgarian and comparative and is an author of several books and many papers.
Prof. Dr. Ragıp Taranç was born in Izmir, 1962. In 1985 he earned his MA of Science degree with his thesis “Women and Sexuality Issue in Turkish Cinema after 1980” and in 1987 he has aquired his PhD degree with his thesis thesis “Aesthtetic Problems in TV Series”. Ragıp Taranç works for Doküz Eylül University’s Faculty of Fine Art’s Department of Film Design and he also acts as the chairman of the Basic Art of Film Design and Directing. Mr. Taranç gives classes on film making and actor management in bachelor degree level. He is an awarded documentary and feature film director and his academic work relies heavily on the topics of migration, women studies, oriental culture and contemporary issues in the Turkish cinema.
Roland Pfefferkorn is a Professor of Sociology at the University of Strasbourg. His research themes include social inequalities in contemporary France, including their dynamics and cumulative dimension; inequalities between men and women studied in the context of an intersectional approach, first, gender and class, and later, race and generation; more broadly, the articulation of these different social relations.
These research focus on the tensions caused by economic, political, moral injustice and on resistances that emerge; the controversies they generate in the interstices of the public space; movements of opinion and local mobilizations that unite the reactions to perceived injustices, the evolution of public policy. In addition, he has previously worked on comparative research on intergenerational relations in France and Japan that resulted in a French-Japanese book. This collaboration has continued since 2014 under the Kyoto University Asian Studies Unit.
In 2009, Zehra Yiğit did a doctorate on “The Images of Mental Confusion on Turkish Cinema after 1980 in the Process of Modernization” at the Department of Cinema and Television at the Institute of Fine Arts, 9 Eylül University. She did a post doc at the University of Oxford/UK at Oriental Studies. She is an assistant professor doctor at the Department of Cinema Television in the Faculty of Fine Arts at Akdeniz University at the moment and she gives lectures such as the History and Sociology of Turkish Cinema, Film Review, Cinema and Cultural Studies, Film Culture.
Antoanela Petkovska was born in 1958 in Skopje. She holds a PHD in sociological sciences and is a professor at the Faculty of Philosophy – Skopje, where she teaches at first, second and third level degree studies in sociology. She also teaches at the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies in Journalism at the Faculty of Law in Skopje. Her scientific activity covers the fields of Sociology of Culture and Art, Sociology of Youth, the European civilization, Gender studies, Intercultural communication, etc. She wrote several studies in these areas, and she was also a member and a leader of different research projects. From 2009 to 2012 she was president of the Macedonian Sociological Association and currently she is the president of the Macedonian Centre for Culture and Art and the Music Youth of Macedonia.
Prof. Berrak Taranç was born in İzmir in 1962. She has graduated from Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Fine Arts – Department of Sciences of Music in 1983. She has finished her MA and received her “Proficiency in Art” from the institute of Social Sciences of the same university. Later on, she began her academic career at the Aegean University, State Conservatory of Turkish Music as a member of the faculty and became an Assistant Professor in 1990.
She is a valuable researcher/musician who has progressed in her academic career with melodies that bond the past with the present and who has given works of art that show us that music of the whole world is connected in essence. Prof. Berrak Taranç has been awarded with Call to World Peace from Universal Brotherhood award. She is currently Professor at Aegean University, State Conservatory of Turkish Music and Fundamental Sciences – Department of Turkish Art Music.
Nikica Gilić was born in 1973 in Split. Received his PhD in Film Theory in Zagreb in 2005. He teaches Film Theory and History at the Department of Comparative Literature at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences and at the Academy of Dramatic Art in Zagreb. He was invited to give lectures at universities in Berlin, Regensburg, Konstanz, Graz and Brno. He is the editor-in-chief of the Hrvatski filmski ljetopis (Croatian Cinema Chronicles), a member of the editorial boards of online journals Images (Croatia) and Apparatus (Germany). In 2015, he became an Associate Research Fellow at the Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies (Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, University of Regensburg). He edited or co-edited several books, the latest of which are Partisans in Yugoslavia. Literature, Film and Visual Culture (Bielefeld, 2015; with M. Jakiša) and 60 Years of Pula Film Festival and Croatian Cinema, (Zagreb, 2013; with Z. Vidačković).
Emanuela Claudia Del Re is an Italian scholar expert in geopolitics, conflict studies and security issues and a tenured university professor. She is specialist in the Balkans, Middle East, the Caucasus and North Africa.
Emanuela Claudia Del Re has a Degree in Political and Economic Anthropology at the University of Rome “La Sapienza” and she is a PhD – Research fellow in Social and Political Science at the European University Institute (Fiesole, Florence, 1997-2000). At the Unicusano and University Roma Tre of Rome she teaches Political Sociology and Sociology of Political Phenomena of the Middle East.
She is a Founder and President of EPOS, International Mediating and Negotiating Operational Agency, an agency that operates under mandate of institutions and others in the field of negotiation in international, national and local crisis. She is also a leader and initiator of the project “My Future for the Syrian Refugees” aimed at rebuilding the Syrian Civil Society, funded by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and by the European Commission, implemented in Iraqi-Kurdistan and Jordan (2012-2015, ongoing).
She has vastly published at international level, being the author of books and essays, published on leading scientific magazines and journals.